Tanzania

Getting there & around

Entry Requirements
Most foreign nationals need a visa to enter Tanzania. Single-entry three-month visas can be bought on arrival, or beforehand from a
Tanzanian embassy. Ensure your passport  is valid for six months beyond the end of your stay. Yellow feaver vaccination certificates are no longer required, though it`s probably best to get the jab anyway , especially if you`ll be travelling elsewhere in Africa. Visa fees are 50 USD for single entry, and 100 USD for double entry. Nationals of the East African Community need neither visa nor entry permit to enter Tanzania.

International Airlines
British Airways serves Dar es Salaam via Nairobi.
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines serves Dar-es-Salaam and Kilimanjaro.
Swiss Airlines serves Dar es Salaam.
Gulf Air serves Dar-es-Salaam and Zanzibar via Muscat or Abu Dhabi.
Emirates serves Dar-es-salaam via Dubai. 
Ethiopian Airlines serves Dar-es-salaam, Zanzibar and Kilimanjaro
    via Addis Ababa.

Tanzania can also be reached via African gateways served by:
Air TanzaniaKenya Airways,  Air Zimbabwe, Egypt Air, South African Airways, Qatar Airways, Air IndiaAir Malawi, LAM - Mozambique Airlines.

Domestic Airlines
Air Tanzania, +255 22 211 8411
Precision Air, +255 22 212 1718
Coastal Aviation, +255 22 211 7959
ZanAir, +255 24 223 3670
Regional Air +255 27 250 2541                   
NB! Domestic flights are often late, but generally reliable.  

By car
Tanzanians drive on the left side of the road (like in the UK, India, Australia, Japan, etc.), as opposed to driving on the right (like in North America and most European countries). A valid Tanzanian ora n International driver’s licence is required. If you're hiring a car when you get here, your best option is a 4x4 sport utility vehicle, especially if you plan on going on safari in any of the national parks. Avoid mini-SUVs, because they can't always negotiate the poor road conditions. You can also hire a car with a draiver. There are many car hire companies in Dar es Salaam, Arusha and ohter major towns. 

By bus
The bus is a great way to get into Tanzania as you can reach almost any town and village, big or small. Buses slow down or stop in most villages and that’s what makes the busride worthwhile and memorable!
There are plenty of options to travel by bus in Tanzania. The biggest express bus operator is Scandinavia Express Services which has routes between major cities and towns throughout the country.
Other major express bus companies in Tanzania include Dar Express, Royal and Akamba. 

By rail
Tanzania Railways Corporation (TRC), has three main railway lines: the northern, running from Tanga to Arusha; the central, running from Dar es Salaam to Kigoma at Lake Tanganyika, with a northern spur that runs to Lake Victoria at Mwanza and a southern spur that runs to Mpanda. The trains are relatively comfortable but the timetables can change often and unexpectedly.

Tazara, the Tanzania – Zambia Railway Service, runs from Dar es Salaam via Mbeya to the border of Malawi and Zambia into central Zambia. Train travel is comfortable and reliable but mostly – it is spectacular!  

By taxi
Taxi fares are not fixed. A price must be negotiated before your begin traveling, or the price will be considerably higher, once you reach your destination. It is not customary to tip your driver. While there are many friendly and honest drivers, some will try their luck and quote an outrageous price to anyone who looks wealthy. Even if you can't see another taxi around, don't agree to it. Another taxi is sure to be just around the corner. For a small premium, you can reserve a taxi for the whole day. This can convenient if you are visiting a number of places and doing some shopping. You should be able to get it for 30000 Tzs. Don’t hesitate to tell the driver to slow down, if necessary. “Pole Pole” in Swahili.